Friday, January 28, 2011

The Risk of Lung Cancer from Living near Traffic

Europe - Mortality rate for men of lung cancer...
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Lung Cancer Incidence and Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution from Traffic (33 page pdf, Environ Health Perspect ,  Jan. 12, 2011)

The article under review today comes from Denmark where exposure to traffic within 200 m was correlated with the incidence of lung cancer over a 12 year period. Not surprisingly, a clear statistical connection was made.

Key Quotes:

“the overall picture is an increased risk for lung cancer in association with various measures of exposure to air pollution with a strength of the association for traffic-related air pollution being comparable with that of environmental tobacco smoke”

“In the study reported here, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to air pollution from traffic increases the risk for lung cancer. We used data from a large Danish cohort and applied detailed data on traffic and a dispersion model with high spatial resolution to calculate the concentrations of air pollution at the actual residential addresses over a 30-year period“

“During 1993–1997, 57 053 men and women aged 50–64 years living in Copenhagen and Aarhus areas were recruited into the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study

“In conclusion, this study showed associations between risk for lung cancer and different markers of air pollution from traffic near the residence, in line with the weight of the epidemiological evidence to date”





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